ABSTRACTS OF ARTICLES OF THE JOURNAL "INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES".
No. 10. Vol. 22. 2016
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P. Yu. Bogatyrev, Postgraduate, e-mail: PFight77@gmail.com, A. V. Koskin, Professor, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Orel State University named after I. S. Turgenev
P. 723 – 727
Structure of Integrated Information Space of a Company, Based on Set-Theoretic Approach
Approach of developing a content management system of organization in information structure aspect is presented in the article. Generalized model of information systematization that combine known methods, used in modern content management systems is introduced. The core of the model is a set-theoretic approach for structuring a data.
Keywords: information, knowledge management, content management systems, organization, model, systematization, structuring, set theory, hierarchy, tags
O. Ya. Rodkina, PhD, Assistant Professor, e-mail: email@example.com, V. A. Nikolskaya, PhD, Assistant Professor, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Russian Federation, Nizhny Novgorod Linguistics University
To the Problem of Person's High Emotional State Recognition by his Speech
P. 728 – 733
This article deals with the problem of the automatic recognition of high emotional state of a speaker by his speech. The complexity of this problem is largely due to the multicriteria of speech recognition, whereby a single comprehensive solution has not yet been proposed. The article provides an overview of existing approaches to the problem of person's emotional state determining by his speech, disadvantages each of them are marked. The article aims to evaluate the possibility of using an automated system, called by the authors "Phonetic Lie Detector", for automatic recognition of the state of mental and emotional excitement of the speaker by a small fragment of his sounding speech. The system works on the base of the theoretical-information approach and is founded on automatic evaluation of the speaker speech quality at the phonetic level on the system-wide Shannon criterion of the minimum required redundancy (MRR) of the speech signal. Thus the problem of the speech quality multicriteriality is achieved here by reduction to the generalized MRR criterion evaluation, forming by the comparison of elementary speech units (ESU) of the speaker with a set of ESU from the phonetic database of the Russian language. The research task was to test a group of students with the use of the PDL in the quiescent state (in the morning before classes) and in the state of emotional stress (in the evening, after study and irritating unpleasant news). The test aimed to determine the impact of their state on the speech quality evaluation, registered by the automated system. The experimental results clearly show that the PDL has a high sensitivity, thus it may be used for a rapid analysis of the emotional state of a speaker. The results may be used in theoretical researches (gender analysis) and in practice: in customer service centers, to determine the recipient psycho and the individual resistance to psychological stress.
Keywords: computer science, human-computer interaction, speech recognition technology, information theory of speech quality, phonetic polygraph, psycholinguistics
Yu. A. Zack, Dokt.-Ing, Aachen. Deutschland, e-mail: email@example.com
An Algorithm for Selecting a Plurality of Experts to Carry out Innovative Projects among the Many Contenders for the Position Held
Performance indicators proposed candidates for the job can be represented by terms of linguistic variables or values of different numeric scales. The algorithms convert the data into numeric values in the range. A mathematical model of recruitment as a single and multicriteria models of linear Boolean programming, which provides for restrictions on the selected company payroll amounts. The methods of solving formulated multiobjective tasks.
Keywords: candidates for job offers, linguistic terms and numerical scale, fuzzy sets, performance criteria, multicriteria Boolean programming model, the optimal choice of many alternatives
P. 734 – 741
A. F. Valeeva, D. Sc., Professor, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, Ju. A. Goncharova, Postgraduate, R. S. Valeev, PhD., Associate Professor, Ufa State Aviation Technical University
An Approach for the Operational Planning Problems of Homogeneous Goods Delivery to Different Customers. Part 1
The operational planning problems solving of homogeneous goods delivery to different customers such as inventory management and looking for rational routes of goods delivery are considered in this article. The algorithm for searching the best inventory management strategy and a modified population based ant colony optimization algorithm (P-ACO) for getting the rational routes of homogeneous goods delivery to different customers are presented. At the same time a modified P-ACO algorithm takes into account different restrictions such as vehicle capacity, time windows, planning period, multiple depots, split delivery, heterogeneous fleet of vehicles, goods pickup and the rational goods packing at the time of rational routes construction. A considered modified P-ACO algorithm includes the following algorithms: Kini—Raif, nearest neighbor, sweep algorithm for selecting in the road graph only those arcs that satisfy some preferences (for example, the quality of roads, road tax) (Kini—Raif algorithm); for distribution all the customers to closest depot (nearest neighbor algorithm); for fast building of initial solution with pre-allocating customers among the depots (sweep algorithm).
Keywords: inventory management, routing, goods packing in vehicles, population based ant colony optimization algorithm
P. 741 – 746
S. S. Sadykov, D. Sc., Professor, Department "Information System", e-mail: email@example.com, Ya. Yu. Kulkov, Teacher in Department "SAPR", e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org,
The Murom institute of Vladimir state university, Murom
Recognition of Separate Test and Real Flat Objects on Dimensionless Marks of Contours of their Bitmaps
The purpose of work is the pilot study of a possibility of application of dimensionless marks for recognition of objects in systems of machine sight. Test binary and real grayscale images of objects are entrance. On the basis of primary coefficients the vector of signs is formed. Are formed a set of etalons for each group of images. With use of a mean square deviation degree of similarity of a vector of marks of the unknown image and vectors of marks of standards is calculated. The minimum indicates belonging of the tested image to one of the set groups.
Keywords: machine sight, recognition of images, flat details, dimensionless signs, center of gravity, turn of the image, image contour, training of system of recognition
P. 747 – 753
R. G. Mammadov, PhD of technical sciences, Professor, e-mail: email@example.com, T. Ch. Aliyev, PhD of technical sciences, Assistant, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, A. S. Mutallimova, Assistant, e-mail: email@example.com, Azerbaijan State Oil and Industry University, Baku
Recognition of Binary Images of the Objects Suffected to Affine Transformations
Application of pattern recognition and, in particular, a system of automatic processing of images of objects, allows for identification and prediction of environment condition and the object of study. To reduce the amount of information processed, detection it is convenient to conduct recognition of binary images. The most of images to be recognized comprise complex of affine transformations. This reduces the efficiency of identification due to distortion of indications. Also, the number of comparisons is increased significantly.
As an affine transformation we consider rotation of an image of side of the object around two axis passing through the center of the object image, with a change of scale to the center.
Research is performed on the basis of the system of three equations obtained by the authors which show the dependence of variation of the moments of inertia of the image when it is resized to the center along Y-axis of M times and N times along the Z-axis with the rotation of the axes of the image around the X-axis by the angle j.
By solving this system of equations on the basic of semigraphical method the values of M, N and j. Then turn identified carried image on the corners with the adjustment of the size of the values of M and N, as well as a direct comparison of the image obtained with the standard. Thus, after the preliminary calculations of various provisions of the bust recognizable image is limited to several provisions. If identifiable image corresponds to the standard, after conversion it will be the same as the standard.
In order to confirm the theoretical results of the computer modeling of the proposed method of detection. Experiments were carried out on four images are simplified silhouettes of leaves of trees: oak, aspen, maple and willow. The simulation results showed that only the appropriate reference image identified by the smallest discrepancy is within a certain allowable threshold differences. For other images, it is much higher.
Thus, using the proposed method of pattern recognition, the identification process can be performed on the model, while retaining sufficient reliability.
Keywords: object recognition, binary image, affine transformation, moments of inertia
P. 754 – 757
A. D. Ivannikov, Doctor of Sciences, Deputy Director, e-mail: ADI@ippm.ru, Institute for Design Problems in Microelectronics of Russian Academy of Sciences
Decomposition Methods Analysis for Digital System Design Debugging
The task of digital systems project debugging is usually fulfilled by simulation. Due to the complexity and large dimensions of the task decomposition methods are proposed. The following methods are described and examined: vertical and horizontal structure decomposition, functional decomposition, decomposition based on error types.
The concept of an operator upon digital system memory is formally introduced on the algebraic approach bases. The concept of a generalized memory consisting of memory cells, register contents, active operator label and current time value is introduced. An operator functioning upon generalized memory is formalized. Structural analysis of an operator domain and operator range is fulfilled. The definition of operator's product is introduced, the condition of such a product existence is analyzed. It is shown that any digital system software is the product of operators, operator set is a semi group. The developed formal model is supposed to be used for the creation of digital systems software test generation.
Keywords: complex digital system model, debugging by computer simulation, system on a chip design, logical simulation, logic timing analysis, algebraic models, algebraic model for software, program as a semi group of operators
P. 758 – 763
B. G. Ilyasov, Dr. of Tech. Sci., Prof. firstname.lastname@example.org, V. E. Gvozdev, Dr. of Tech. Sci., Prof., email@example.com, O. Ya. Bezhaeva, Associate Professor, firstname.lastname@example.org, R. R. Kurunova, Postgraduate Student, email@example.com Ufa State Aviation Technical University (USATU), Ufa
Comparative Analysis of Design Decisions on Complex of Consumer Properties and Specifications of the Object
P. 764 – 770
This paper deals with the comparative analysis of alternative technical systems on the basis of a comprehensive study of the estimated external and internal properties of the product. The basis of the proposed approach is known formalism — Quality Function Deployment which implemented as a model of the "House of Quality". The concept of a "etalon virtual products", the characteristics of which are formed on the basis of data on the properties of products-analogues. The proposed approach differs from the known formalism quality function deployment that allows quantify the differences between the etalon and the proposed product on a complex of consumer properties and specifications.
Using the proposed approach can improve the validity of decisions on the advisability of amending the requirements for consumer features and specifications. The proposed approach makes it possible to develop a formal procedure for the comparative analysis of product variants, enabling its implementation in the form of software tools.
Keywords: quality function deployment, "House of Quality", analysis of alternatives, expert assessments, consumer properties, specifications, etalon virtual model, semantic-oriented graphs, comparative analysis algorithm
E. V. Kuznetsova, PhD, Assistant Professor, EV.Kuznetsova@hse.ru, T. K. Kravchenko, D.Sc., Ðrofessor, firstname.lastname@example.org, National Research University Higher School of Economics, S. A. Kryazhev, Project Manager, Sergey.Kryazhev@norbit.ru, NORBIT Ltd
Corporate Integrated Automated Project Management System for the Construction Business
The article presents the integrated approach to corporate automated project management systems (CAPMS) design for the construction companies. The approach includes a set of new methodological, technological and organizational solutions based on SAP ERP. The specific features of construction projects, the main project categories, the main project roles were defined and the scheme of information flows accounting the features of construction industry was created. The corporate project management standard framework is proposed. The IT functional accounting the construction companies features was designed. The implementation of proposed decisions in CAPMS for real construction company has shown their high efficiency. It includes the project implementation cost decrease due to materials and equipment purchase optimization and decrease of the warehouse storage costs. Also the system allowed to appreciably increase the internal subcontractors control efficiency.
Keywords: an integrated project management system, the construction industry; company financial structure; the purchase optimization, project structure plan, SAP ERP
P. 771 – 778
L. M. Gruzdeva, Assistant Professor, e-mail: email@example.com, S. L. Lobachev, Professor, Head of the Department, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org, Moscow State University of Railway Transport (MIIT), Moscow
Admission of Abiturients for Distant Learning within RUNET: Preconditions, Experience and Analysis
This article authors, based on a long period of collecting statistical data, present the set of mathematical models for predicting the demand for university education programs, implemented using distance learning technologies. The designed models are applied for the one of two defined categories of the universities. The verification of the models was made and recommendations for their uses were given.
Keywords: distance learning (DL), distance education technologies, DL's regulatory frameworks, demand for DL, RuNet, forecast admission of abiturients, attendance of admission portal
P. 779 – 785
S. M. Avdoshin, Ph. D., Professor, Head of Software Engineering School, email@example.com, E. Yu. Pesotskaya, Associate Professor, Faculty of Computer Science, HSE, firstname.lastname@example.org, National Research University Higher School of Economics (HSE)
Mobile Healthcare Ecosystems
Today we see the great interest to the field of Software Ecosystems that have been related to products, community of developers around a product and gives the certain advantages to the platform owners and participants of the ecosystem. Mobile healthcare ecosystems — is a new trend, especially in Russia. Nonetheless many big companies see great potential in building the interface between healthcare and the mobile industry. The paper provides a step towards better understanding of background, examples and opportunities for further development of mobile healthcare ecosystems in Russia and all over the world.
Keywords: åcosystem, mobile health, platform, service, healthcare, electronic medical record
P. 786 – 791
G. G. Znajko, PhD. (Tech.), Deputy Director General, email@example.com, N. L. Prokhorov, D. Sc. (Tech.), Prof., Research Supervisor of the Institute, firstname.lastname@example.org, V. E. Krasovsky, PhD. (Tech.), Prof., Scientific Secretary, email@example.com Institute of Electronic Control Computer named after I. S. Brook, Moscow
P. 791 – 800
The Experience of Design and Introduction into Service of the Computerised Ultrasound-Based Medical Equipment
The use of the ultrasound-based medical equipment is one of the most efficient and commonly accepted methods to provide for the time-critical and delicate non-invasive diagnosis of serious medical conditions such as a stroke or other blood circulatory system abnormalities.
However, the cost of the imported units varies from tens to hundreds of thousands of the US dollars, which makes these medical instruments practically inaccessible for the majority of healthcare institutions in Russia. The focus of this work is the development and the implementation of the methods and techniques for designing computerised ultrasound-based medical diagnostic equipment in order to create in Russia the scientific and technological basis for the production and adoption of the competitive medical equipment.
A system of simulation models developed at PJSC "INEUM named after I. S. Brook" is used now as the main technological tool for designing modern complexes for ultrasound-based diagnostics. The use of this system of simulation models allows to formalize the entire design cycle, from formulation of the medico-technical requirements to the feasibility (technical and economic) project and creation of a prototype to be presented for testing and certification. Formalization of the design process enables its standardization and allows to ensure the computer-added design tools, human resources and other required resources are available.
The simulation modelling allows to perform preliminary verification and testing of a number of various alternatives without incurring substantial expenses and to choose necessary parameters, algorithms and technical components before starting the actual creation and testing of a preproduction prototype.
A line of the computerised ultrasound-based diagnostic medical units in the "Complexmed" series was developed at PJSC "INEUM named after I. S. Brook" and is currently in production. This line of diagnostic units was designed using the aforementioned approach and the entire series is fully compliant with all the testing, licensing and certification requirements. The devices of the "Complexmed" series in various designs have been supplied for the past ten years to tens of medical institutions in Russia for performing Doppler and echoencephalographic examinations.
The use of the aforesaid method of designing the ultrasound-based medical equipment can be among ways to control and reduce the final costs of such equipment and would therefore enable production of state-of-the-art products at competitive prices that would serve substitution alternatives to higher-priced imported units.
Keywords: computerized medical equipment, noninvasive ultrasound-based diagnostics, simulation modeling, innovative techniques used in the design
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