Journal "Software Engineering"
a journal on theoretical and applied science and technology
Issue N7 2021 year
In this article, we introduce the task of multi-view RGB-based 3D object detection as an end-to-end optimization problem. In a multi-view formulation of the 3D object detection problem, several images of a static scene are used to detect objects in the scene. To address the 3D object detection problem in a multi-view formulation, we propose a novel 3D object detection method named ImVoxelNet. ImVoxelNet is based on a fully convolutional neural network. Unlike existing 3D object detection methods, ImVoxelNet works directly with 3D representations and does not mediate 3D object detection through 2D object detection. The proposed method accepts multi-view inputs. The number of monocular images in each multi-view input can vary during training and inference; actually, this number might be unique for each multi-view input. Moreover, we propose to treat a single RGB image as a special case of a multi-view input. Accordingly, the proposed method can also accept monocular inputs with no modifications. Through extensive evaluation, we demonstrate that the proposed method successfully handles a variety of outdoor scenes. Specifically, it achieves state-of-the-art results in car detection on KITTI (monocular) and nuScenes (multi-view) benchmarks among all methods that accept RGB images. The proposed method operates in real-time, which makes it possible to integrate it into the navigation systems of autonomous devices. The results of this study can be used to address tasks of navigation, path planning, and semantic scene mapping.